1867 – The Dominion of Canada is established.
1869 – Construction of Dawson Road commences in Northwestern Ontario.
1870 – Colonel Wolseley, on route to the Riel Rebellion, names his point of disembarkment Prince Arthur’s Landing in honour of Queen Victoria of England’s third son.
1875 – The Canadian Pacific Railway terminus in Port Arthur opens.
1882 – The First Canadian railway link to the West is completed.
1883 – Prince Arthur’s Landing is renamed Port Arthur by the Canadian Pacific Railway.
1883 – The Trades and Labour Congress of Canada is established.
1884 – Port Arthur, Ontario is incorporated as a town.
1884 – The Horne Elevator, the first grain elevator in the Lakehead is built.
1885 – The North West Rebellion begins.
1885 – Metis Leader Louis Riel is executed in Canada.
1886 – The American Federation of Labor is established.
1889 – The Canadian Pacific Railway relocates to Fort William.
1892 – The town of Fort William established in Ontario. It was named after the fur trade post of the same name.
1892 – Port Arthur builds Canada’s first municipally owned electric street railway.
1893 – New Zealand is the first country in the world to grant women the vote.
1896 – The Klondike Gold Rush begins in the Yukon.
1899 – The South African War (also known as the Boer War) begins.
1900 – Kodak Introduces $1 Brownie cameras.
1901 – Queen Victoria of England dies.
1902 – The South African War (Boer War) ends.
1903 – Port Arthur and Fort William establish municipally owned telephone companies.
1903 – Women’s Social and Political Union founded in the United Kingdom.
1903 – American aviation inventors, the Wright brothers make the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air-human-flight.
1904 – The Russo-Japanese War begins.
1905 – Bloody Sunday and the Russian Revolution begins.
1905 – Saskatchewan and Alberta are created.
1906 – Finland becomes the first European country to give women the right to vote.
1907 – The electric washing machine is introduced in the United States.
1907 – Fort William and Port Arthur are incorporated as cities.
1908 – The Ford Motor Company introduces the Model T, America’s first affordable automobile.
1908 – The Port Arthur Trades and Labour Council and the Fort William Trades and Labour Councils are formed.
1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an African-American civil rights organization is founded.
1909 – Plastic is invented in the United States.
1910 – The Tango dance craze catches on.
1910 – The Naval Service of Canada is established and in 1911 is renamed the Royal Canadian Navy.
1911 – The Incan city of Machu Picchu is discovered in Peru.
1911 – Conservatives led by Robert Borden defeat Wilfrid Laurier’s Liberals in the Canadian federal election.
1912 – The R.M.S. Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic Ocean. Of the 2,227 people aboard, 63 were from Finland, and only twenty of them survived.
1912 – Oreo cookies are introduced in the United States.
1913 – The first moving assembly line is created by Henry Ford in the United States.
1914 – The First World War begins. Britain and its Empire are drawn by alliances into war against Germany.
1916 – The Battle of the Somme, one of the largest battle of the First World War, begins. More than 24,000 Canadians die.
1917 – The first pulp and paper mill is built in Port Arthur.
1917 – The Russian Revolution begins.
1917 – Federal income tax is introduced in Canada, supposedly as a temporary wartime measure.
1917 – Prohibition begins. Non-medicinal alcohol is banned.
1917 – The Halifax Explosion occurs when a French munitions ship explodes killing more than 1,900 in the Halifax Harbour.
1918 – All women over the age of 21 gain the right to vote in Canadian federal elections.
1918 – Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his family are murdered.
1918 – The Finnish Civil War begins.
1919 – The Treaty of Versailles ends the First World War.
1920 – The League of Nations established.
1920 – The first commercial radio broadcast is aired in the United States.
1920 – The first pulp and paper mill is built in Fort William.
1920 – All citizens over the age of 21, except for Native and Asian Canadians gain the right to vote in Canadian federal elections.
1920 – Women are granted the right to vote in the United States.
1921 – The Liberal Party led by William Lyon Mackenzie-King wins the Canadian federal election.
1921 – J. S. Woodsworth becomes first socialist elected to the Canadian House of Commons.
1922 – Robert Flaherty’s film, Nanook of the North, possibly the first feature-length documentary opens.
1922 – The Canadian Northern, Intercolonial, Grand Trunk Railway and Grand Trunk Pacific merge to form the Canadian National Railways.
1923 – Talking movies are invented.
1924 – Russian communist revolutionary, Vladimir Lenin dies. Joseph Stalin rises to power.
1924 – The first Olympic Winter Games are held in France.
1925 – Women in Newfoundland receive the right to vote.
1925 – Flapper dresses become the rage.
1925 – Nazi leader, Adolph Hitler’s “Mein Kampf” is published.
1926 – The first assassination attempt on Italy’s Benito Mussolini.
1927 – The first talking movie, “The Jazz Singer” premieres.
1929 – The Montreal and Toronto stock markets crash following the collapse of the Wall Street stock market.
1929 – The Great Depression begins.
1929 – The Workers’ Unity League, a national trade union federation, is formed.
1929 – The British Privy Council reverses a Supreme Court ruling and women are legally declared “persons.”
1929 – 250 people attend the first Academy Awards ceremony in Los Angeles, California.
1930 – In Canada, the Conservative Party under R. B. Bennet is elected.
1930 – The planet Pluto is discovered.
1931 – The British Parliament passes the Statute of Westminister and Canada gains full independence from British legislation.
1932 – Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
1933 – Adolph Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany.
1933 – The first Nazi concentration camp is established.
1933 – Prohibition ends in the United States.
1934 – The large-scale campaign of political repression, the Great Terror begins in the Soviet Union.
1935 – The anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws are issued in Germany.
1936 – King Edward VIII of England abdicates.
1936 – The Canadian Broadcast Corporation is established.
1936 – The Spanish Civil War begins.
1937 – Japan invades China.
1938 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to make an official visit to Canada.
1939 – The Second World War begins.
1940 – Women gain the right to vote in elections in Quebec. It is the last Canadian province to do so.
1940 – The Battle of Britain begins.
1940 – Russian Marxist revolutionary, Leon Trotsky is assassinated.
1941 – The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor, United States enters Second World War.
1945 – The Second World War ends.
1945 – Canada joins the United Nations.
1945 – The first programmable computer is built by the United States Army.
1946 – Winston Churchill delivers the Iron Curtain speech.
1947 – The Polaroid camera is invented.
1949 – China becomes a Communist country.
1949 – The Canadian province of Newfoundland enters Confederation.
1950 – The Korean War begins.
1951 – The population of Canada reaches 14 million.
1951 – A Peace Treaty with Japan officially ends the Second World War.
1952 – Princess Elizabeth becomes Queen of England.
1952 – Lester B. Pearson becomes president of the United Nations General Assembly.
1954 – Segregation is declared illegal in the United States.
1955 – Rosa Parks refuses to give up seat on a bus in the United States.
1956 – Hungarian Revolution.
1957 – The European Economic Community is established and is a precursor to the European Union.
1957 – Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize for proposing the creation of a United Nations peacekeeping force to deal with the Suez Crisis.
1958 – China’s Ma Zedong launches the Great Leap Forward.
1958 – The Conservative Party led by John Diefenbaker is elected in Canada.
1959 – The Cuban Revolution ends. Castro becomes leader of Cuba.
1959 – Opening of St. Lawrence Seaway in Canada.
1961 – The Berlin Wall is built.
1961 – The New Democratic Party of Canada is established replacing the Canadian Co-operative Commonwealth Federation.
1962 – The Trans-Canada Highway opens in Canada.
1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis.
1962 – The first Wal-Mart opens in the United States.
1963 – President John F. Kennedy of the United States is assassinated.
1965 – The Roman Catholic Church conducts the first English-language masses in Canada.
1965 – Canada and the United States sign the Auto Pact.
1965 – Canada adopts the red and white maple leaf flag.
1966 – The Canada Pension Plan is created.
1968 – Pierre Elliot Trudeau becomes Prime Minister of Canada
1970 – The War Measures Act invoked to deal with FLQ crisis.
1970 – The City of Thunder Bay created.
1971 – The Government of Canada adopts policy of official multiculturalism.