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World Events

1867 – 1899

1867 – The Dominion of Canada is established.

1869 – Construction of Dawson Road commences in Northwestern Ontario.

1870 – Colonel Wolseley, on route to the Riel Rebellion, names his point of disembarkment Prince Arthur’s Landing in honour of Queen Victoria of England’s third son.

1875 – The Canadian Pacific Railway terminus in Port Arthur opens.

1882 – The First Canadian railway link to the West is completed.

1883 – Prince Arthur’s Landing is renamed Port Arthur by the Canadian Pacific Railway.

1883 – The Trades and Labour Congress of Canada is established.

1884 – Port Arthur, Ontario is incorporated as a town.

1884 – The Horne Elevator, the first grain elevator in the Lakehead is built.

1885 – The North West Rebellion begins.

1885 –  Metis Leader Louis Riel is executed in Canada.

1886  – The American Federation of Labor is established.

1889 – The Canadian Pacific Railway relocates to Fort William.

1892 – The town of Fort William established in Ontario. It was named after the fur trade post of the same name.

1892 – Port Arthur builds Canada’s first municipally owned electric street railway.

1893 – New Zealand is the first country in the world to grant women the vote.

1896 – The Klondike Gold Rush begins in the Yukon.

1899 – The South African War (also known as the Boer War) begins.

 

1900 – 1905

1900 – Kodak Introduces $1 Brownie cameras.

1901 – Queen Victoria of England dies.

1902 – The South African War (Boer War) ends.

1903 – Port Arthur and Fort William establish municipally owned telephone companies.

1903 – Women’s Social and Political Union founded in the United Kingdom.

1903 – American aviation inventors, the Wright brothers make the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air-human-flight.

1904 – The Russo-Japanese War begins.

1905 – Bloody Sunday and the Russian Revolution begins.

1905 – Saskatchewan and Alberta are created.

 

1906 – 1909

1906 – Finland becomes the first European country to give women the right to vote.

1907 – The electric washing machine is introduced in the United States.

1907 – Fort William and Port Arthur are incorporated as cities.

1908 – The Ford Motor Company introduces the Model T, America’s first affordable automobile.

1908 –  The Port Arthur Trades and Labour Council and the Fort William Trades and Labour Councils are formed.

1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an African-American civil rights organization is founded.

1909 – Plastic is invented in the United States.

 

1910 – 1913

1910 – The Tango dance craze catches on.

1910 – The Naval Service of Canada is established and in 1911 is renamed the Royal Canadian Navy.

1911 – The Incan city of Machu Picchu is discovered in Peru.

1911 – Conservatives led by Robert Borden defeat Wilfrid Laurier’s Liberals in the Canadian federal election.

1912 – The R.M.S. Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic Ocean.  Of the 2,227 people aboard, 63 were from Finland, and only twenty of them survived.

1912 – Oreo cookies are introduced in the United States.

1913 – The first moving assembly line is created by Henry Ford in the United States.

 

1914 – 1918

1914 – The First World War begins. Britain and its Empire are drawn by alliances into war against Germany.

1916 – The Battle of the Somme, one of the largest battle of the First World War, begins. More than 24,000 Canadians die.

1917 –  The first pulp and paper mill is built in Port Arthur.

1917 – The Russian Revolution begins.

1917 – Federal income tax is introduced in Canada, supposedly as a temporary wartime measure.

1917 – Prohibition begins. Non-medicinal alcohol is banned.

1917 – The Halifax Explosion occurs when a French munitions ship explodes killing more than 1,900 in the Halifax Harbour.

1918 – All women over the age of 21 gain the right to vote in Canadian federal elections.

1918 – Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his family are murdered.

 

1919 – 1923

1918 – The Finnish Civil War begins.

1919 – The Treaty of Versailles ends the First World War.

1920 – The League of Nations established.

1920 – The first commercial radio broadcast is aired in the United States.

1920 – The first pulp and paper mill is built in Fort William.

1920 – All citizens over the age of 21, except for Native and Asian Canadians gain the right to vote in Canadian federal elections.

1920 – Women are granted the right to vote in the United States.

1921 – The Liberal Party led by William Lyon Mackenzie-King wins the Canadian federal election.

1921 – J. S. Woodsworth becomes first socialist elected to the Canadian House of Commons.

1922 – Robert Flaherty’s film, Nanook of the North, possibly the first feature-length documentary opens.

1922 – The Canadian Northern, Intercolonial, Grand Trunk Railway and Grand Trunk Pacific merge to form the Canadian National Railways. 

1923 – Talking movies are invented.

 

1924 – 1928

1924 – Russian communist revolutionary, Vladimir Lenin dies. Joseph Stalin rises to power.

1924 – The first Olympic Winter Games are held in France.

1925 – Women in Newfoundland receive the right to vote.

1925 – Flapper dresses become the rage.

1925 – Nazi leader, Adolph Hitler’s “Mein Kampf” is published.

1926 – The first assassination attempt on Italy’s Benito Mussolini.

1927 – The first talking movie, “The Jazz Singer” premieres.

 

1929 – 1931

1929 – The Montreal and Toronto stock markets crash following the collapse of the Wall Street stock market.

1929  – The Great Depression begins.

1929 – The Workers’ Unity League, a national trade union federation, is formed.

1929 – The British Privy Council reverses a Supreme Court ruling and women are legally declared “persons.”

1929 – 250 people attend the first Academy Awards ceremony in Los Angeles, California.

1930 –  In Canada, the Conservative Party under R. B. Bennet is elected.

1930 – The planet Pluto is discovered.

1931 – The British Parliament passes the Statute of Westminister and Canada gains full independence from British legislation.

 

1932 – 1934

1932 – Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.

1933 – Adolph Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany.

1933 – The first Nazi concentration camp is established.

1933 – Prohibition ends in the United States.

1934 – The large-scale campaign of political repression, the Great Terror begins in the Soviet Union.

 

1935 – 1938

1935 – The anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws are issued in Germany.

1936 – King Edward VIII of England abdicates.

1936 – The Canadian Broadcast Corporation is established.

1936 –  The Spanish Civil War begins.

1937 – Japan invades China.

1938 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to make an official visit to Canada.

 

1939 – 1945

1939 – The Second World War begins.

1940 – Women gain the right to vote in elections in Quebec. It is the last Canadian province to do so.

1940 – The Battle of Britain begins.

1940 – Russian Marxist revolutionary, Leon Trotsky is assassinated.

1941 – The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor, United States enters Second World War.

1945 – The Second World War ends.

1945 – Canada joins the United Nations.

1945 – The first programmable computer is built by the United States Army.

 

1946 – 1962

1946 – Winston Churchill delivers the Iron Curtain speech.

1947 – The Polaroid camera is invented.

1949 – China becomes a Communist country.

1949 – The Canadian province of Newfoundland enters Confederation.

1950 – The Korean War begins.

1951 – The population of Canada reaches 14 million.

1951 – A Peace Treaty with Japan officially ends the Second World War.

1952 – Princess Elizabeth becomes Queen of England.

1952 – Lester B. Pearson becomes president of the United Nations General Assembly.

1954 – Segregation is declared illegal in the United States.

1955 – Rosa Parks refuses to give up seat on a bus in the United States.

1956 – Hungarian Revolution.

1957 – The European Economic Community is established and is a precursor to the European Union.

1957 – Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize for proposing the creation of a United Nations peacekeeping force to deal with the Suez Crisis.

1958 – China’s Ma Zedong launches the Great Leap Forward.

1958 – The Conservative Party led by John Diefenbaker is elected in Canada.

1959 – The Cuban Revolution ends. Castro becomes leader of Cuba.

1959 – Opening of St. Lawrence Seaway in Canada.

1961 – The Berlin Wall is built.

1961 – The New Democratic Party of Canada is established replacing the Canadian Co-operative Commonwealth Federation.

1962 – The Trans-Canada Highway opens in Canada.

1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis.

1962 – The first Wal-Mart opens in the United States.

1963 – President John F. Kennedy of the United States is assassinated.

1965 – The Roman Catholic Church conducts the first English-language masses in Canada.

1965 – Canada and the United States sign the Auto Pact.

1965 – Canada adopts the red and white maple leaf flag.

1966 – The Canada Pension Plan is created.

1968 – Pierre Elliot Trudeau becomes Prime Minister of Canada

1970 – The War Measures Act invoked to deal with FLQ crisis.

1970 – The City of Thunder Bay created.

1971 – The Government of Canada adopts policy of official multiculturalism.